Glossary of Terms

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Methylprednisolone -  A powerful steroid administered in the hours immediately after a spinal cord injury to limit harmful inflammation. It is the only approved treatment for acute spinal cord injury.
Microglia -  Tiny immune system scavenger cells that remove debris from the brain and spinal cord.
Midline – 1) -  A line of cells, running from top to bottom, down the center of an embryo. 2) An imaginary line dividing the left and right halves of the body. Motoneurons – Nerve cells that control the muscles.
Myelin -  A fatty substance, produced by cells in the central nervous system known as oligodendrocytes. Myelin forms a protective sleeve around axons that enables them to conduct electrical impulses.

Courtesy Christopher Reeve Foundation